The Indian Census is the largest single source of a variety of statistical information on different characteristics of the people of India. With a history of more than 130 years, this reliable, time tested exercise has been bringing out a veritable wealth of statistics every 10 years, beginning from 1872 when the first census was conducted in India non-synchronously in different parts. To scholars and researchers in demography, economics, anthropology, sociology, statistics and many other disciplines, the Indian Census has been a fascinating source of data. The rich diversity of the people of India is truly brought out by the decennial census which has become one of the tools to understand and study India

[Source: Census Of India, 2011 Census,]

Basic statistics
Headquarter: Mawkyrwat
Location: 25.3106° N, 91.2059° E South West Khasi Hills District in Google Map
Total Area: 1,341 km2 (518 square mile)
Bounded by:
  • North: West Khasi Hills District
  • South: Bangladesh
  • East: East Khasi Hills District
  • West: West Khasi Hills and South Garo Hills District
Population(Census 2011): 1,10,152
No. of Villages (Census 2011): 216
No. of Households (Census 2011): 16,809
Literacy Rate (Census 2011): 76.84%
Climate (Census 2011): 4 Seasons
Summer 28ºC Maximum and Winter 3.8ºC Maximum.
Average rainfall in the State is 12,000 mm.
Principal Languages: Khasi, Maram(Dialect of Khasi), Garo
Official Languages: English
Total No. Of Assembly Constituencies:
  1. 35-Ranikor (ST) Assembly Constituency
  2. 36-Mawkyrwat (ST) Assembly Constituency
C&RD Blocks:
  1. Mawkyrwat C&RD Block
  2. Ranikor C&RD Block
Police Stations:
  1. Mawkyrwat Police Station
  2. Ranikor Police Stattion
Police Outpost etc.:
  1. Gumaghat Police Outpost
  2. Borsora Police Outpost
  3. Nonghyllam A.D Camp
  4. Borsora LCS
Police Fire Service Station:
  1. Mawkyrwat
No. of Educational Institutions
  1. Colleges: 1
  2. Government Higher Secondary School: 1
  3. Non Government Higher Secondary School: 5
  4. Government Secondary Schools: 1
  5. Non Government Secondary Schools: 49
  6. Government Upper Primary Schools: 3
  7. Deficit Upper Primary Schools: 9
  8. Adhoc Upper Primary Schools: 62
  9. SSA Upper Primary Schools: 174
  10. Government Lower Primary Schools: 94
  11. Deficit Lower Primary Schools: 153
  12. Adhoc Lower Primary Schools: 74
  13. SSA Lower Primary Schools: 140
  14. Permitted and Unaided Lower Primary Schools: 35
Integrated Child Development Schemes
  1. ICDS Projects
    1. Mawkyrwat ICDS Project
    2. Ranikor ICDS Project
  2. No. of Aganwadi Centers: 200
Health Institutions:
  1. No. of Community Health Centers: 2
  2. No. of Primary Health Centers: 2
  3. No. of Sub Centers: 18
Road Communications:
  1. Total Road Length: 475.76 km
  2. Metalling and Black Toppings: 268.10 km
  3. Gravelled Road: 115.08 km
  4. Kutcha Road: 92.58 km
Mineral Deposits:
  1. Coal
  2. Limestone
  3. Uranium
  4. Granite
Major Crops:

Rice, Maize, Potato, Soya-bean, Mustard, Betel Nuts & Betel Vine, Kharif & Rabi Vegetables, Spices, Mandarin Oranges, Plum, Peach, Papaya, Jackfruit, Lichi, Pineapple, Mangos, Tamarin & Banana

Major Peaks:
  1. Nongsynrieh
  2. Lawpaw
  3. Kohthyllaw
  4. Kyllai Longdngun
  5. Kubah
  6. Domsohlamut
International Trade Routes:
  1. Borosora
  2. Cheragoan
  3. Bagli
Financial Institutions & Post Offices:
  1. State Bank Of India: 2 Branches
  2. Meghalaya Co-Apex Bank: 1 Branch
  3. Meghalaya Rural Bank: 2 Branches
  4. Post Office: 1
Major Markets:

Mawkyrwat, Umdohlun, Mawthawpdah, Rangblang, Umjarain, Jashiar, Tynnai, Photkroh, Balat, Nongjri, Mawpyllun, Khonjoy, Maheshkhola, Mawyndeng