About The District "South West Khasi Hills"

District Profile

Mawkyrwat Civil Sub-Division was notified as a fully fledged Civil Sub Division with effect from 26th June, 1982 under Government Notification No. HPL.539/81/51, dated 22nd June 1982. And, whereas, for public convenience and better administration the Governor of Meghalaya considers it necessary to upgrade the said Mawkyrwat Civil Sub-Division of West Khasi Hills District with minor modifications, therein, into a fully fledged District. And whereas, the new District will compose all the villages of two Community & Rural Development Blocks viz. Ranikor Community & Rural Development Block and Mawkyrwat Community & Rural Development Block, including 18(Eighteen) villages under Warsan Lyngdoh Gram Sevak Circle of Nongstoin in Community & Rural Development Block as listed in the Schedule-I to the Notification with the following boundaries:

  • North: West Khasi Hills District
  • South: Bangladesh
  • East: East Khasi Hills District
  • West: West Khasi Hills and South Garo Hills District

Now, therefore, the Governor of Meghalaya has upgraded Mawkyrwat Civil Sub-Division into a District Named as “South West Khasi Hills District” with headquarters at Mawkyrwat.


The Khasi people predominantly inhabit the districts of South West Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, also known to be one of the earliest ethnic group of settlers in the Indian sub-continent, belonging to the Proto Austroloid Monkhmer race.

The Khasi-Pnars:

The Khasis inhabit the eastern part of Meghalaya, in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills. Khasis residing in Jaintia hills are now better known as Jaintias. They are also called Pnars. The Khasis occupying the northern lowlands and foothills are generally called Bhois. Those who live in the southern tracts are termed Wars. Again among the Wars, those living in the Khasi Hills are called War-Khasis and those in the Jaintia Hills, War-Pnars or War-Jaintias. In the Jaintia Hills we have Khyrwangs, Labangs, Nangphylluts, Nangtungs in the north-eastern part and in the east. In the Khasi Hills the Lyngngams live in the north-western part. But all of them claim to have descended from the 'Ki Hynniew Trep' and are now known by the generic name of Khasi-Pnars or simply Khasis. They have the same traditions, customs and usage with a little variation owing to geographical divisions.


The traditional Khasi male dress is "Jymphong" or a longish sleeveless coat without collar, fastened by thongs in front. Now, the Khasis have adopted the western dress. On ceremonial occasions, they appear in "Jymphong" and dhoti with an ornamental waist-band. The Khasi traditional female dress is rather elaborate with several pieces of cloth, giving the body a cylindrical shape. On ceremonial occasions, they wear a crown of silver or gold on the head. A spike or peak is fixed to the back of the crown, corresponding to the feathers worn by the menfolk.

Food & Drinks:

The staple food of Khasis is rice. They also take fish and meat. Like the other tribes in the North-East, the Khasis also ferment rice-beer, and make spirit out of rice or millets by distillation. Use of rice-beer is a must for every ceremonial and religious occasion.

Social Structure:

The Khasis, the Jaintias and the Garos have a matrilineal society. Descent is traced through the mother, but the father plays an important role in the material and mental life of the family. While, writing on the Khasi and the Jaintia people, David Roy observed, 'a man is the defender of the woman, but the woman is the keeper of his trust'. No better description of Meghalayan matrilineal society could perhaps be possible. In the Khasi society, the woman looks after home and hearth, the man finds the means to support the family, and the maternal uncle settles all social and religious matters. Earlier in the conservative Jaintia non-Christian families, however, the father only visits the family in the night and is not responsible for the maintenance of the family. Inheritance: Khasis follow a matrilineal system of inheritance. In the Khasi society, it is only the youngest daughter or "Ka Khadduh" who is eligible to inherit the ancestral property. If 'Ka Khadduh' dies without any daughter surviving her, her next elder sister inherits the ancestral property, and after her, the youngest daughter of that sister. Failing all daughters and their female issues, the property goes back to the mother's sister, mother's sister's daughter and so on. The Ka Khadduh's property is actually the ancestral property and so if she wants to dispose it off, she must obtain consent and approval of the uncles and brothers. Among the War-Khasis, however property passes to the children, male or female, in equal shares but among the War-Jaintias, only the female children get the inheritance


Marriage within a clan is a taboo. Rings or betel-nut bags are exchanged between the bride and the bridegroom to complete the union. In the Christian families, however, marriage is purely a civil contract.


The Khasis are now mostly Christians. But before that, they believed in a Supreme Being, The Creator - U Blei Nongthaw and under Him, there were several deities of water and of mountains and also of other natural objects.


The Indian Census is the largest single source of a variety of statistical information on different characteristics of the people of India. With a history of more than 130 years, this reliable, time tested exercise has been bringing out a veritable wealth of statistics every 10 years, beginning from 1872 when the first census was conducted in India non-synchronously in different parts. To scholars and researchers in demography, economics, anthropology, sociology, statistics and many other disciplines, the Indian Census has been a fascinating source of data. The rich diversity of the people of India is truly brought out by the decennial census which has become one of the tools to understand and study India

[Source: Census Of India, 2011 Census, http://www.censusindia.gov.in/]

Percentage of Households to Total Households by Amenities and Assets (India & States/UTs - Village and Ward Level)
Percentage of Households to Total Households by Amenities and Assets (India & States/UTs - Sub-District Level)
Tables on Houses, Household Amenities & Assets Among Female Headed Households
Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables (India & States/UTs - District Level)

Basic Statistics

Headquarter: Mawkyrwat
Location: 25.3106° N, 91.2059° E

South West Khasi Hills District in Google Map
Total Area: 1,341 km2 (518 square mile)
Bounded by: North: West Khasi Hills District
South: Bangladesh
East: East Khasi Hills District
West: West Khasi Hills and South Garo Hills District
Population(Census 2011): 1,10,152
No. of Villages (Census 2011): 216
No. of Households (Census 2011): 16,809
Literacy Rate (Census 2011): 76.84%
Climate (Census 2011): 4 Seasons
Summer 28ºC Maximum and Winter 3.8ºC Maximum.
Average rainfall in the State is 12,000 mm.
Principal Languages: Khasi, Maram(Dialect of Khasi), Garo
Official Languages: English
Total No. Of Assembly Constituencies: 1. 35-Ranikor (ST) Assembly Constituency
2. 36-Mawkyrwat (ST) Assembly Constituency
C&RD Blocks: 1. Mawkyrwat C&RD Block
2. Ranikor C&RD Block
Police Stations: 1. Mawkyrwat Police Station
2. Ranikor Police Stattion
Police Outpost etc.: 1. Gumaghat Police Outpost
2. Borsora Police Outpost
3. Nonghyllam A.D Camp
3. Borsora LCS
Police Fire Service Station: 1. Mawkyrwat
No. of Educational Institutions 1. Colleges: 1
2. Government Higher Secondary School: 1
3. Non Government Higher Secondary School: 5
4. Government Secondary Schools: 1
5. Non Government Secondary Schools: 49
6. Government Upper Primary Schools: 3
7. Deficit Upper Primary Schools: 9
8. Adhoc Upper Primary Schools: 62
9. SSA Upper Primary Schools: 174
10. Government Lower Primary Schools: 94
11. Deficit Lower Primary Schools: 153
12. Adhoc Lower Primary Schools: 74
13. SSA Lower Primary Schools: 140
14. Permitted and Unaided Lower Primary Schools: 35
Integrated Child Development Schemes a. ICDS Projects
  1. Mawkyrwat ICDS Project
  2. Ranikor ICDS Project
b. No. of Aganwadi Centers: 200
Health Institutions: 1. No. of Community Health Centers: 2
2. No. of Primary Health Centers: 2
3. No. of Sub Centers: 18
Road Communications: 1. Total Road Length: 475.76 km
2. Metalling and Black Toppings: 268.10 km
3. Gravelled Road: 115.08 km
4. Kutcha Road: 92.58 km
Mineral Deposits: 1. Coal
2. Limestone
3. Uranium
4. Granite
Major Crops:

Rice, Maize, Potato, Soya-bean, Mustard, Betel Nuts & Betel Vine, Kharif & Rabi Vegetables, Spices, Mandarin Oranges, Plum, Peach, Papaya, Jackfruit, Lichi, Pineapple, Mangos, Tamarin & Banana

Major Peaks: 1. Nongsynrieh
2. Lawpaw
3. Kohthyllaw
4. Kyllai Longdngun
5. Kubah
6. Domsohlamut
International Trade Routes: 1. Borosora
2. Cheragoan
3. Bagli
Financial Institutions & Post Offices: 1. State Bank Of India: 2 Branches
2. Meghalaya Co-Apex Bank: 1 Branch
3. Meghalaya Rural Bank: 2 Branches
4. Post Office: 1
Major Markets:

Mawkyrwat, Umdohlun, Mawthawpdah, Rangblang, Umjarain, Jashiar, Tynnai, Photkroh, Balat, Nongjri, Mawpyllun, Khonjoy, Maheshkhola, Mawyndeng

District Offices:

There are a total of 21 no.s of District Offices which have started functioning in South West Khasi Hills District. Nine(9) no.s of Offices are functioning in Temporary/Rented buildings while 12 (twelve) no.s of offices are functioning from their old Civil Sub Division Office Buildings. Click the link below to know more...

Details of District Offices of South West Khasi Hills District

Important Helpline Numbers:

1. Mawkyrwat Police Station: 9436727126 (OC, R. H. Koch)
2. Ranikor Police Station: 9615736133 (OC, A. R. Deep)
3. Mawkyrwat PHE: ---
4. Ranikor PHE: ---
5. Fire Brigade: 03656-290700

About The DC's Office

Meet the Deputy Commissioner:

Personal Details:
Name: Kum. Isawanda Laloo, IAS
Cadre: Meghalaya
Domicile: Meghalaya
Appointment in present post: 16th October, 2017

Office Phone: 0356-285283/285212
Office Email: dc-swkh-meg[at]gov[dot]in

O/o The Deputy Commissioner
South West Khasi Hills District
Mawkyrwat - 793114
Meghalaya (India)

List Of SDOs & DCs:

1 Shri G. J. Shadap, MCS 26.06.1982 18.05.1983
2 Shri A. K. Roy, MCS 18.05.1983 19.11.1983
3 Shri W. S. Mawlong, MCS 19.11.1983 19.11.1984
4 Shri M. Laloo, MCS 19.11.1984 28.08.1985
5 Shri A. Wahlang, MCS I/C 28.08.1985 07.09.1985
6 Shri Y. T. Shering, IAS 07.09.1985 25.08.1986
7 Shri C. D. Kynjing, IAS 25.08.1986 06.07.1987
8 Shri L. R. Lyngskor, MCS 06.07.1987 29.05.1990
9 Shri D. H. Lyngdoh, MCS 29.05.1990 02.09.1995
10 Shri A. Mawlong, MCS 02.09.1995 16.04.1996
11 Shri S. Kharlyngdoh, MCS I/C 16.04.1996 19.06.1996
12 Shri A. Mawlong, MCS I/C 19.06.1996 17.09.1998
13 Smti C. E. Khongwar, IAS 17.09.1998 11.04.2000
14 Shri F. M. Dopth, MCS I/C 12.04.2000 25.05.2000
15 Shri P. Sampath Kumar, IAS 25.05.2000 08.06.2001
16 Smti M. War Nongbri, MCS 08.06.2001 18.08.2006
17 Shri D. Vijay Kumar, IAS 18.08.2006 18.06.2008
18 Shri P. S. Kharkongor, MCS I/C 18.06.2008 26.09.2008
19 Shri K. nongbri, MCS 26.09.2008 02.08.2012
1 Shri Aldous Mawlong, IAS 03.08.2012 10.09.2013
2 Smti. Ripnar Lyngdoh, IAS 10.09.2013 16.10.2017
3 Kum. Isawanda Laloo, IAS 16.10.2017 --Present---

Functions Of Different Branches:

Room Locator in DC's Office:

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